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Archive for June, 2010

The Associated Press, June 19, 2010

Two men suspected in a deadly 2007 attack against African Union peacekeepers in Darfur have voluntarily surrendered to the International Criminal Court to face war crimes charges, the court said Wednesday.

Abdallah Banda Abakaer Nourain and Saleh Mohammed Jerbo Jamus are accused of commanding a 1,000-strong rebel force in the assault Sept. 29, 2007, on an AU base in the troubled region of western Sudan.

Prosecutors say 12 peacekeepers were killed and eight wounded, while a large amount of equipment was destroyed at the Haskanita base in northern Darfur.

Sudan’s government and rebel troops have blamed each other for the attack.

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webnewswire June 19 2010-The Secretary-General welcomes the outcome of the First Review Conference of the International Criminal Court, which concluded last Saturday morning in Kampala, Uganda.

The Secretary-General fully supports the “Kampala Declaration”, by which the States parties to the Rome Statute manifested their strong commitment to the International Criminal Court. The adoption by the States Parties of substantive amendments to the Rome Statute, as well as specific outcome documents on a wide range of issues strengthened international criminal justice and the ICC.

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UN News Center 14 June 2010

Member States of the International Criminal Court (ICC) have agreed on what constitutes the crime of aggression, a long-running source of contention in international law, after nearly one decade of discussion.

Nations agreed to amend the Rome Statute, which set up the Court, to define the crime of aggression as “the planning, preparation, initiation or execution, by a person in a position effectively to exercise control over or to direct the political or military action of a State, of an act of aggression which, by its character, gravity and scale, constitutes a manifest violation of the Charter of the United Nations.”

Under the resolution adopted at the end of the two-week-long ICC review conference in Kampala, Uganda, on Friday, blockades of ports or coasts of a State by armed forces of another State, as well as an invasion or attack by troops of one State on the territory of another, are considered as acts of aggression under the statute.

Nations agreed that the ICC can exercise jurisdiction over crimes of aggression, but only over those committed one year after 30 States Parties have ratified the newly-made amendment.

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Additional Articles:

Law.com: http://www.law.com/jsp/article.jsp?id=1202462696625&pos=ataglance

Democracy Now: http://www.democracynow.org/2010/6/14/headlines/icc_adds_aggression_to_list_of_courts_prosecutable_offenses

AFP: http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5iOdxB-p9KVt6MaZha0e6rKbAw7Iw

Irish Times: http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/world/2010/0614/1224272439829.html

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New York Times, Marlise Simons, June 10 2010

PARIS — Judges at The Hague handed down two rare genocide convictions on Thursday, sentencing two security officers for the Bosnian Serb Army to life in prison for their roles in the 1995 Srebrenica massacre, the worst single episode in a decade of war that left 100,000 dead and tore the Balkans apart.

The verdicts, along with five other war-crimes convictions, concluded a vast, three-year trial in which many witnesses spoke, at times in horrifying details, of the Serbian capture of the United Nations-protected enclaves of Srebrenica and Zepa that held tens of thousand of Bosnian Muslim refugees. The military operation ended with the deportation of thousands of women and children and the execution of close to 8,000 captive men and boys.

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UN ICTY statement: http://www.icty.org/sid/10415

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Alfred Wandera, Daily Nation , June 9 2010

President of the Assembly of State Parties to the International Criminal Court has insisted that Uganda must arrest Sudan President Omar al-Bashir should he visit the country during the AU summit due in Kampala in July.

In a statement released yesterday to media at the ongoing ICC Review Conference in Kampala, Mr Christian Wenaweser said since Uganda is a party to the Rome Statute, it has to fulfil its mandate as stipulated in the Statute.

“I’m looking forward to seeing a statement from the Ugandan government that is less equivocal than what we have seen over the past few days. What’s important from our perspective is Uganda is a state party to the Rome Statute so it has an obligation to fully cooperate with the provisions of that statute and we would like to see a statement to that affect,” Mr Wenaweser’s statement reads in part.

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Amnesty International, 08 June 2010

Amnesty International is today calling on states to reject proposals which could seriously undermine the integrity of the Rome Statute and deeply politicise the International Criminal Court (ICC). The amendments are being considered at the first Review Conference of the Rome Statute which concludes in Kampala this week.

Claudio Cordone, interim Secretary General of Amnesty International, said:

“States must first and foremost ensure that this first Review Conference strengthens the system of international criminal justice. The current negotiations are failing to safeguard the independence of the Court, an independence that was hard fought and won 12 years ago in Rome.”

Delegates appear to be moving towards a compromise that would authorise the United Nations Security Council, a political body, alone to control indefinitely which crimes of aggression the Court could investigate and prosecute.

Read Full Amnesty Proposal.

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